10 Most Beautiful Churches in Armenia That You Must Visit

Armenia being one of the oldest countries in the world was also the first country to adopt Christianity as its state religion back in 301 AD (that’s more than 1,700 years ago!). Its millennium old monasteries can usually be found situated on highlands amongst picturesque landscapes where they are less vulnerable to attacks. Armenia, also known as the “land of churches”, has around 4,000 monasteries and churches. Here’s our curated list in random order for the 10 most beautiful churches in Armenia that you must visit at least once in your life!

1. Khor Virap Monastery

It’s no wonder why Khor Virap is one of the favourite attractions of most travellers in Armenia. The majestic Mt Ararat positioned right behind the church makes a fantastic backdrop for a panorama view of the church. The locals also believed that Mt Ararat protected the monastery against a strong earthquake in the past.


The absolutely stunning Khor Virap against the majestic Mt. Ararat.

It is believed that St Gregory the illuminator was imprisoned here in this dungeon was dug 7-8 metres underground for his preaching of Christianity to the people in Armenia. It was such a miracle that despite being imprisoned for 13 years, he was still alive when they found him. It turned out that throughout the years, there was this Christian lady who continued to give him some bread surreptitiously.

Tip: For those who are claustrophobic, it’s advisable to not enter the pit. It was quite challenging climbing down the vertical ladder into the pit.

khor virap pit

The pit where St. Gregory the Illuminator was imprisoned for 13 years

2. Noravank Monastery

This monastery is most famous for its two-storey church whereby you will have to climb up to the main entrance via a narrow staircase made from stones jutting out from the face of building.


3. Echimiazin Armenian Apostolic Church

This was the first cathedral that was ever built in Armenia and also the oldest cathedral in the world. Sadly the main church building has been under construction for the past few years, hence we were not able to get a nice shot of it. The photo below shows the main entrance to this Church. This place was also the headquarter for all the churches in Armenia.


And yes, this is the majestic view of the Echmiadzin church in summer when it was not under any renovation. Very beautiful right?



4. Zvartnots Ruins

Zvartnots is also known as the “temple of ruins” and it is listed as a UNESCO heritage site. This place was the first circular 3 storey church built back in the 6th century which only lasted for 3 centuries before it was destroyed by an earthquake. Some of the pillars and the altar of the church were relatively well preserved and you could also still see its exterior circular architecture.  The Armenians later learnt to built more stable rectangular based churches instead of circular shaped.


5. Geghard Monastery

This was one of the most interesting and unique monasteries that we’ve seen during our time in Armenia and also my personal favourite. This entire cave monastery was carved inside a rock mountain, how is that even possible back then with limited tools and technology?! Its name “Geghard” means spear and this spear was actually referring to the same spear that was used to pierce Christ after he was being crucified on the cross to check if he was still alive. Many pilgrims head here to see the relic of the “spear” and hence they eventually renamed the monastery to Geghard Monastery (Spear Monastery).


Can you imagine, this entire church was carved inside a rock mountain! Look at the details on the pillars and sides of the walls. Also, the exact spot where we were standing in the photo below was said to have the best natural acoustics ever. We did try humming a tune and it immediately sent tingles up our spine! The echo was unbelievable and even the slightest whisper could be heard clearly and beautifully!

geghard monastery

Remember to try singing a tune at this exact spot if you ever get a chance to be here!

6. Sevanakvank monastery

Most people travel to this monastery situated on a hill adjacent to the beautiful Lake Sevan to get a glimpse of the unique green cross stone that was made from limestone. This place was originally built for the priests that have sinned as this monastery was isolated and far away from the city and women. Also, this was one of the only 3 churches in Armenia that has Christ illustrated on the cross stone.

Sevanakvank monastery

Can you spot the outstanding green cross stone?


The maze on the right of the photo used to be the dormitory for the monks

7. Tatev Monastery

Another stunning fairytale like monastery that literally took our breath away. This was in fact Daniel’s favourite out of the lot that we’ve seen! But this monastery is definitely more beautiful during summer.


During winter, the road that leads up to the spot where you could capture a nice panorama shot of the monastery was too slippery and dangerous. Hence we were unable to capture the monastery from the other angle. Daniel was very disappointed actually 🙁

Useful tip: During winter, the cable car that leads up to the monastery only operates on Sat & Sun.

tatev monastery

This is the breathtaking panorama view that you can get when you travel here during summer. Super amazing right?! Photo not taken by us obviously since we were there during winter 🙁

8. St Grigor Lusavorich

The St Grigor Lusavorich cathedral is also the symbol of the 1700th anniversary of the proclamation of Christianity as a state religion in Armenia as well as a tribute to St Gregory, the illuminator, who was responsible for introducing Christianity to Armenia. This church is one of the newest church in Armenia and was built only around 6-7 years ago.

Useful tip: Visit this church twice! Once in the day and again at night. This church is particularly beautiful at night after being illuminated by the floodlights.


9. Odzun church

This church was different because of its pink felsite stoned walls. Most of the other churches that we’ve seen were grey/dark coloured, so this was indeed quite refreshing for us! Especially with its picturesque setting of the magnificent ridge as the backdrop, this church quickly became one of our favourites.


10. Sanahin monastery complex

The Sanahin Monastery was very impressive because of its remarkable archways. The Sanahin was especially rich in Khachkars (cross stones) where more than 80 of them survived till date. If you’re visiting this complex, do remember to pay more attention to the intricate details on the khachkars. Most of these khachkars depict the traditional cross growing out of a grain with branches at its sides. According to our guide, this symbolises “life”.



We Wear the Mask

We Wear the Mask

We wear the mask that grins and lies,
It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes,–
This debt we pay to human guile;
With torn and bleeding hearts we smile,
And mouth with myriad subtleties.

Why should the world be overwise,
In counting all our tears and sighs?
Nay, let them only see us, while
We wear the mask.

We smile, but, O great Christ, our cries
To thee from tortured souls arise.
We sing, but oh the clay is vile
Beneath our feet, and long the mile;
But let the world dream otherwise,
We wear the mask! 

Armenian Church marks Palm Sunday

Armenian Apostolic Church will celebrate Tsakhkazard (Palm Sunday) on
Sunday, which marks the day of the triumphant entrance of Jesus Christ
into Jerusalem.

On the occasion of the holiday all the churches give liturgies and
people bring with them olive and palm branches to churches and take
home after blessing them there.

Tert.am followed today the liturgy in Yerevan St. Sargis Church,
witnessed the dominating festive moods.

A group of people selling symbols of the holiday were this time
complaining of the reduction of volume of trade. `As compared with the
past year people have either become fewer or have less money,’ a
resident of Arshaluys village, ethnic Yezidi Gule Avloyan said. Every
year she brings palm branches to St Sargis church’s court.

Another woman was complaining of social condition of the country,
saying people have to sell branches to earn for bread. She said she
was the resident of Dalma gardens territory that’s why did not want to
name herself.
The people were visiting church, buying symbols of the holiday and
complaining for them being expensive.

Distributing blessed palm branches to the faithful on the feast of
Palm Sunday is one of the spiritual customs of the Armenian Church.

The olive branch is considered to be the symbol of wisdom, peace,
victory and glory. Giving olive and date branches to Christ who
resurrected the dead Ghazaros is the symbol of victory over death.

Throwing clothes in front of Jesus symbolized freeing oneself of sins,
while giving branches as gifts was a symbol of honors and ceremonies.

The people of Jerusalem accepted the entrance of Jesus with
enthusiasm. They held date and olive branches, laid their clothes on
the ground and screamed: “Almighty God, blessed be he who comes to us
in the name of God, blessed be the kingdom of David that comes. Peace
on Earth and Glory to the Heavens” (Marcus 10:9-10).

According to the Armenian Church’s website, the offering of branches
symbolizes several things. First, it shows God’s mercy towards man
through the olive branch (which the dove brought to Noah, showing that
the flood waters had receded) and the victory over sin, death and
Satan through Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection through the palm

Second, in ancient times, humanity worshipped the tree and offered its
branches to the idols of demons. Using this same gesture, the Jewish
people inspired by the Holy Spirit, offered branches to Jesus, after
they discovered that He was the True God. This is just as the wise men
presented their mysterious gifts to Him in the cave in Bethlehem –
gold and frankincense and myrrh.

Third, as God cursed the earth for the original sin committed by Adam
and Eve: “thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; . . . .”
(Genesis 3:18) the faithful laid green branches in front of the Lord
in order to spare Him their curse of bringing thorns.
Fourth, during the Olympic Games in ancient times, the winners were
crowned with olive wreaths. The faithful understood that Jesus
defeated death by resurrecting Lazarus (John 11:30-46) and met Him
with palm branches as He was the winning King.